Industry in rural transformation in connection with the fourth industrial revolution and COVID-19 pandemic, the case of Hungary

Authors: Eva Kiss*, Geographical Institute, RCAES
Topics: Rural Geography, Economic Geography, Europe
Keywords: rural areas, industry, fourth industrial revolution, Hungary,
Session Type: Virtual Paper
Day: 4/11/2021
Start / End Time: 6:25 AM / 7:40 AM
Room: Virtual 17
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

During the socialist era industry played an important role in the development of rural areas in Hungary. After 1989, however, many rural factories and other industrial establishments were closed down and only very few new ones were established in rural regions, because the development of industry has been primarily connected to urban settlements. Last decades rural areas and rural industrial enterprises had to face with several challenges. The latest ones are Industry 4.0 or the fourth industrial revolution and COVID-19 pandemic. The main question is that how the new technologies of Industry 4.0 can contribute to the development or survival of rural industrial enterprises and thus to the moderation of regional differences in the spatial pattern of Hungarian industry. Based on the database of industrial enterprises and empirical researches this is presented. It is also discussed whether Industry 4.0 can be considered as a possibility for the viewpoint of the further development of rural areas, particularly in the time of COVID-19 pandemic. This research supported by NKFIH (project number: K 125091) contributes to the revelation of new trends in Hungarian industry in connection with the fourth industrial revolution.

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