Miami Vs Jakarta; Comparative Analysis of Developed and Developing Urban Communities Government Administration Policy.

Authors: Ryan Schlossman*, Boston University, Amelia Murray-Cooper, Boston University , Matther Tate, Boston University, Mira Kelly-Fair, Boston University
Topics: Environment, Political Geography, Hazards and Vulnerability
Keywords: Indonesia, Jakarta, United States, Miami, Water Inundation, Government
Session Type: Virtual Paper
Day: 4/7/2021
Start / End Time: 4:40 PM / 5:55 PM
Room: Virtual 28
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

The nonpartisan increase in flooding of Indonesia’s capital Jakarta and the U.S. city of Miami
present an opportunity to monitor government policy performance in developed and developing urban environments. Our paper analyzes local and national government administrations long term endeavors to combat water inundation via policies of educating the public, gathering data on risk management, energy efficiency mandates, and much more.

In Miami, the subtropical climate is reflected in higher than average utility bills, so their local
administration is more focused on increasing water and electricity efficiency. In Indonesia, the main obstruction to limiting flooding is poor urban planning and deregulation of past administrations have contributed vastly to land subsidence and rising sea levels. Ambitious leaders of the past, such as President Sukarto, created means to expand the economy without considering future consequences these policies would have on the environment. Jakarta will have to endure larger fiscal precautions to reverse laissez faire policies of the past. The crown jewel of these policies being the projected $36 billion National Capital Integrated Development Project (NCICD) which implements the expansion of dikes, a sea wall, and manufactured islands to protect against coastal flooding. Our paper assesses major public expenditures such as the NCICD project to determine how the differing socio-political climates in both Miami and Jakarta prepare for growing inundation threats. By doing this we can compare how developed and developing government administrations react to the increasing threat of water inundations to coastal communities.

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