Heat Resilience in Cities: Science, Policy, and Design

Type: Paper
Theme: The Changing North American Continent
Sponsor Groups: Climate Specialty Group, Human Dimensions of Global Change Specialty Group, Hazards, Risks, and Disasters Specialty Group
Organizers: V. Kelly Turner
Chairs: V. Kelly Turner

Call for Submissions

Heat is a central climate adaptation issue for cities, which can be 10°F hotter than surrounding areas due to the Urban Heat Island effect. Extreme heat is a leading cause of weather-related deaths and it is understood that current estimates likely under-count the extent of heat-related morbidity and mortality. Heat exposure and sensitivity is uneven across cities, contributing to higher heat-related vulnerability among lower income communities and people of color that may lack access to key resources such as shade and air conditioning. Climate change will compound the problem, adding and intensifying extreme heat days annually. Cities have begun to respond to the challenge with design interventions such as urban greening, cool surface technology and other policies intended to reduce temperatures and heat exposure. Yet, the effectiveness of such interventions in practice is not well understood, particularly considering trade-offs between interventions, different heat reduction goals (land surface temperature, air temperature, thermal comfort), and other dimensions of urban sustainability. We invite papers that untangle relationships between heat, policy, and design in cities. We welcome a wide range of approaches inclusive of large scale assessments, modeling, case studies, theoretical explorations, and applied work. Potential topic areas include, but are not limited to:

Exploring the causes and consequences of land change and urban design on urban heat, microclimate, and thermal comfort;
Evaluation of policies, initiatives, and interventions designed to mitigate or cope with extreme heat;
Analysis of trade-offs and synergies associated with different heat adaptation strategies;
Discussions of vulnerability to heat and environmental justice;
Assessments of future urban heat conditions under different climate change and adaptation scenarios.

Please reach out to Kelly Turner or one of the other session organizers to be added to the session.

Kelly Turner (vkturner@ucla.edu), University of California Los Angeles
David M. Hondula, Arizona State University
Ladd Keith, University of Arizona
Sara Meerow, Arizona State University
Ariane Middel, Arizona State University


Description

Heat is a central climate adaptation issue for cities, which can be 10°F hotter than surrounding areas due to the Urban Heat Island effect. Extreme heat is a leading cause of weather-related deaths and it is understood that current estimates likely under-count the extent of heat-related morbidity and mortality. Heat exposure and sensitivity is uneven across cities, contributing to higher heat-related vulnerability among lower income communities and people of color that may lack access to key resources such as shade and air conditioning. Climate change will compound the problem, adding and intensifying extreme heat days annually. Cities have begun to respond to the challenge with design interventions such as urban greening, cool surface technology and other policies intended to reduce temperatures and heat exposure. Yet, the effectiveness of such interventions in practice is not well understood, particularly considering trade-offs between interventions, different heat reduction goals (land surface temperature, air temperature, thermal comfort), and other dimensions of urban sustainability. We invite papers that untangle relationships between heat, policy, and design in cities. We welcome a wide range of approaches inclusive of large scale assessments, modeling, case studies, theoretical explorations, and applied work. Potential topic areas include, but are not limited to:

Exploring the causes and consequences of land change and urban design on urban heat, microclimate, and thermal comfort;
Evaluation of policies, initiatives, and interventions designed to mitigate or cope with extreme heat;
Analysis of trade-offs and synergies associated with different heat adaptation strategies;
Discussions of vulnerability to heat and environmental justice;
Assessments of future urban heat conditions under different climate change and adaptation scenarios.


Agenda

Type Details Minutes Start Time
Presenter Scott Sheridan*, Kent State University, P Grady Dixon, Fort Hays State University, Adam J Kalkstein, United States Military Academy, Michael J Allen, Old Dominion University, Recent trends in heat-related mortality in the US 15 12:00 AM
Presenter Dana Habeeb, Indiana University, Alexander Hayes, Indiana University, April Byrne, Indiana University, Conor Nolan, Indiana University, Samantha Hamlin*, Indiana University, Using green infrastructure to reduce urban heat islands and building energy use 15 12:00 AM
Presenter V. Kelly Turner*, University of California Los Angeles, How Are Cities Planning for Heat? A National Assessment of Municipal Heat Plans 15 12:00 AM

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