The Agrarian Transition in Mainland Southeast Asia: Changes in Rice Farming—2000 to 2018 (Part I)

Type: Virtual Paper
Sponsor Groups: Geographies of Food and Agriculture Specialty Group, Development Geographies Specialty Group
Poster #:
Day: 4/8/2021
Start / End Time: 3:05 PM / 4:20 PM (PDT)
Room: Virtual 36
Organizers: W. Nathan Green, Ian Baird
Chairs: Jefferson Fox


Broadly speaking, the agrarian transition refers to a transformation from an agrarian society, where agriculture represents the most important source of household income and the largest proportion of a nation’s GDP, to a society that is predominantly urbanized, industrialized, and market-based. Mainland Southeast Asia has been one of the key areas where scholars have documented how farming households have shifted to industrial pursuits and become more mobile as a result of livelihood diversification and growing urban-rural connections. Despite the growing literature on the agrarian transition’s impact on livelihoods, culture, family structure, and identity in mainland Southeast Asia, however, few scholars have examined how rice production systems themselves are changing in the face of these transformations. Our research thus explores the multiple pathways and directions through which socioeconomic changes are influencing rice production systems in the Mekong and Red River Deltas in Vietnam, central and northeastern Thailand, central Laos, and northwestern Cambodia. We examine the implications of these changes for food security, livelihoods, development, the environment, and other factors. The papers in this series will present country-level findings from this research, which our team conducted in 2018 and 2019. Together, the papers advance theoretical discussions about agrarian transitions in a globalized economy by providing comparative analysis grounded in both extensive and intensive data. This comparative research will have significant policy implications for managing agriculture to ensure sustained food security and equitable development.


Type Details Minutes Start Time
Presenter Jefferson Fox*, East-West Center, Rice farming in Mainland Southeast Asia: Demographic change, mechanization, and farm size 15 3:05 PM
Presenter W. Nathan Green*, National University Of Singapore, Ian G. Baird, University of Wisconsin - Madison, Jefferson Fox, East-West Center, Rural Credit Policies in Southeast Asia’s Agrarian Transition 15 3:20 PM
Presenter Arunee Promkhambut*, Khon Kaen University, Phanwin Yokying, East-West Center, Kanokwan Manorom, Ubonratchathani University, Ian G. Baird, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Jefferson Fox, East-West Center, Small but not stagnant: changes of rice farmers in Thailand 15 3:35 PM
Presenter Ian Baird*, The University of Wisconsin - Madison, Kanokwan Manorom, Ubon Ratchathani University, Santi Piyadeth, Savannakhet University, Sirasak Gaja-Svasti, Ubon Ratchathani University, Chanthavisouk Ninchaluene, Savannakhet University, Lowland Rice Cultivation in Transition: Context and Agrarian Change in Northeastern Thailand and Southern Laos 15 3:50 PM
Presenter Phanwin Yokying*, East-West Center, Jefferson Fox, East-West Center, Impacts of Migration and Remittances on Agricultural Production and Income in Cambodia 15 4:05 PM

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