Agroecological transitions in different geographic contexts 3: Governance and sustainability

Type: Virtual Paper
Theme:
Sponsor Groups: Geographies of Food and Agriculture Specialty Group, Human Dimensions of Global Change Specialty Group, Rural Geography Specialty Group
Poster #:
Day: 4/10/2021
Start / End Time: 11:10 AM / 12:25 PM (PDT)
Room: Virtual 12
Organizers: Gerald Schwarz, Tania Runge, David Miller, George Vlahos
Chairs: Gerald Schwarz

Call for Submissions

Please send your abstract (max. 250 words) to Gerald Schwarz (gerald.schwarz@thuenen.de) by November 19, 2020. Presenters of all accepted papers will then need to send their pin to the organizer.


Description

Despite significant effort in Europe and North America, the provision of public goods together with private goods is still not in balance and frequently not sustainable on farm or farm systems level. The key dilemma is how to produce a sufficient amount of public goods while having viable production of private goods securing economic and social sustainability at farm level, which is not too dependent on public funds. The dilemma has specific characteristics in different farming systems. Agroecological approaches are increasingly discussed as an alternative to farming based on chemical inputs as a way to address the dilemma. It is acknowledged that farming systems implementing such approaches generally require more knowledge and labour per hectare in comparison to conventional farming, but there is a need for a better understanding of the socio-economic and policy factors that hinder or enhance transitions towards agroecological farming.
Implementing agroecological transitions requires a wider systems perspective of interconnected processes and organisational levels in social-ecological systems, considering socio-economic, ecological and political settings at a territorial level beyond the farm-level (Duru et al. 2015). More research is needed to enhance the understanding of socio-economic and policy drivers and barriers for further development and implementation of agroecological approaches in European and North American farming systems to identify and facilitate transition processes towards sustainable agriculture and food systems. Three major domains must be considered for the transition to take place: adaptation of agricultural practices; conservation of biodiversity and natural resources; and development of embedded food systems (Wezel et al., 2016).

Our objective is to host a series of interlinked sessions to examine agroecological transitions and related governance issues. We aim for an interdisciplinary approach bringing together experience and expertise from different geographic contexts. We welcome conceptual, theoretical and empirical contributions that explore (but are not limited to):
- the strengths and weaknesses of different concepts and typologies that have been applied in the analysis of agroecological transitions in different geographic contexts;
- contributions theoretical frameworks such as socio-ecological systems, socio-technological systems and political ecology can provide to the discourse and analysis of agroecological farming;
- barriers and drivers of the engagement of farmers’ and other actors of the value chain in agroecological farming and food production;
- the ways in which different collective actions and efforts support or hinder agroecological transition;
- the roles that market incentives, innovative policy instruments (including result-based and cooperative approaches) and institutional arrangements play in fostering cooperation in agroecological transitions;
- the performance and sustainability of agroecological farming at farm and territorial levels.

Please send your abstract (max. 250 words) to Gerald Schwarz (gerald.schwarz@thuenen.de) by November 19, 2020. Presenters of all accepted papers will then need to send their pin to the organizer.

References
Duru, M., O. Therond & M. Fares (2015) Designing agroecological transitions; A review. Agronomy for Sustainable Development, 35, 1237-1257.
Wezel, A., Brives, H., Casagrande, M., Clément, C., Dufour, A. and Vandenbroucke, P. (2016) Agroecology territories: places for sustainable agricultural and food systems and biodiversity conservation, Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems, 40:2, 132-144.


Agenda

Type Details Minutes Start Time
Presenter Andrea Povellato*, CREA - Research Centre for Agricultural Policies and Bioeconomy (CREA-PB), Francesco Galioto, CREA - Research Centre for Agricultural Policies and Bioeconomy, Oriana Gava, CREA - Research Centre for Agricultural Policies and Bioeconomy, Gerald Schwarz, Thünen Institute of Farm Economics, Francesco Vanni, CREA - Research Centre for Agricultural Policies and Bioeconomy, Co-constructing innovative market and policy incentives to face agroecological transition in Europe: challenges and opportunities 15 11:10 AM
Presenter Colin Anderson*, Centre for Agroecology, Water and Resilience at Coventry University, Janneke Bruil, Cultivate! Collective, Jahi Chappell, Centre for Agroecology, Water and Resilience, Csilla Kiss, Centre for Agroecology, Water and Resilience, Michel Pimbert, Centre for Agroecology, Water and Resilience, Agroecology Now! Transformations Towards More Just and Sustainable Food Systems 15 11:25 AM
Presenter Theresa Eichhorn*, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Lena Luise Schaller, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Jochen Kantelhardt, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Fostering the provision of public goods by agriculture on landscape scale – the advantages of result-based and collective solutions 15 11:40 AM
Presenter Gerald Schwarz, Thünen-Institut, Germany, David Miller*, Janes Hutton Institute, Katherine Irvine, James Hutton Institute, United Kingdom, Alexandra Smyrniotopoulou, Agricultural University of Athens, Greece, George Vlahos , Agricultural University of Athens, Greece, A Multi-Actor Framework for promoting agri-environmental governance in rural areas in the EU 15 11:55 AM
Discussant Landon Yoder Indiana University 15 12:10 PM

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