Political Ecology and New Green Revolutions in Africa 1

Type: Virtual Paper
Theme:
Sponsor Groups: Africa Specialty Group, Cultural and Political Ecology Specialty Group, Geographies of Food and Agriculture Specialty Group
Poster #:
Day: 4/11/2021
Start / End Time: 8:00 AM / 9:15 AM (PDT)
Room: Virtual 33
Organizers: Jessie Luna, Brian Dowd-Uribe, Joeva Rock
Chairs: Jessie Luna

Description

For over a decade, international development agencies, private foundations, and global financiers have sought to spark a "New" Green Revolution in Africa (NGRA) (Thompson 2007). Premised on the notion that the first Green Revolution missed Africa, this supposed new iteration seeks to modernize African agriculture by more closely linking farmers to global value chains through the purchase of agrochemicals, “improved” seeds and inputs from global firms, with the goal of transitioning small farms towards more commercial forms of production. Parallel to these efforts, farmers across Africa have initiated agricultural transformations outside of official NGRA programs or development projects, creating dynamic and novel livelihoods via the adoption of “modern” technologies.

Scholars have questioned whether the NGRA is indeed new, or simply a continuation of the first Green Revolution, a "longue dureé" (Patel 2013) of expanding market frontiers. They have raised questions about whether this technology-driven approach will reproduce the same shortcomings of the Green Revolution, focusing narrowly on productivity while exacerbating environmental degradation, inequality, and poor households' food insecurity (Moseley et al. 2015; Scoones and Thompson 2011). Meanwhile, civil society groups continue to raise objections to the NGRA, questioning its technologies, priorities, and metrics (AFSA 2018; Oakland Institute 2009; Wise 2020).

After a decade of critical scholarship, this panel seeks to foreground the contributions of political ecology scholarship to understand and complicate dominant narratives of the NGRA, and engage emerging frontiers in this next decade of proposed NGRA program implementation.


Agenda

Type Details Minutes Start Time
Presenter Rosalind Ragetlie*, Western University, Agrarian change in context: Atacora farmers’ struggle for subsistence in the neoliberal capitalist economy 15 8:00 AM
Presenter Sara Cavallo*, Boston University, Karl Zimmerer, Penn State University, Rooting Knowledge Networks: Understanding Farmer Learning and Sharing During Biosecurity Interventions 15 8:15 AM
Presenter Tsitsi Agatha Zvingowanisei*, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, International Christian University, Japan, Agricultural Biotechnologies from the Perspectives of Small-scale Farmers in Kenya: A Case Study of Kericho County. 15 8:30 AM
Presenter Brian Dowd-Uribe*, University of San Francisco, Matthew Schnurr, Dalhousie University, Anticipating Farmer Outcomes of Three Genetically Modified ‘Orphan’ Crops in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Farming Systems Approach 15 8:45 AM
Discussant Glenn Stone 15 9:00 AM

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